24 Things to Know When Visiting the Vietnam Veterans Memorial
This alphabetical index of commissioned officers gives names, rank, and unit. This alphabetical card file includes name, rank, unit, term of enlistment and by whom enlisted. All information has been transcribed and is available in the Early Military Index. This index includes name, rank, unit and unit location, and may also include date of muster, age, occupation.
The names of the men who served in the five Indiana Volunteer Regiments have been indexed. Information given includes name, rank, muster in and muster out dates. The Adjutant General's index to the muster rolls includes name, unit, rank, age, physical description, birthplace, occupation, and muster in and muster out dates, and will soon be searchable on the new Research Indiana Indexes. Researchers may also be interested in the National Guard Collection Soldiers serving in Indiana regiments during the Spanish-American War would have done so through National Guard regiments.
Though the Guard files for the Spanish-American War participants will typically only contain an enrollment card, if the soldier continued to re-enlist he might have more information in his file. Some of these men also served during the Philippine Insurrection and remained in the National Guard for many years. The information given includes name, rank, unit, date and place of death. Additional material is available in the compiled files of the USWV, which may include correspondence, supporting pension material for the veteran and spouse, and TAPS, or death notices.
USWV members did not have to belong to Indiana regiments, as this was a fraternal affiliation with the main purpose of assisting veterans.
More than , men served from the state of Indiana, and Indianapolis became a major staging center for the training and organization of troops. In , the State Fairgrounds was transformed into a prison camp for Confederate soldiers, further involving Hoosier residents. Indiana Governor Oliver P. Morton kept close tabs on every aspect of Indiana's participation in the war. Stanton, as well as with military leaders in the field. Extensive documentation of Morton's administration can be found in the Indiana State Archives. The Governor Morton Papers include thousands of letters to the Governor and his staff.
Of singular importance for Civil War scholars are the seventeen volumes of telegraphic correspondence between Morton and Lincoln, Stanton, Grant, Sherman, and many others.
Photos: Iowa Vietnam veteran casualties
The Governor and his staff kept in close contact with Indiana troops in the field, many of whom wired reports to him. The Morton Papers are available on microfilm. The soldiers needed confirmation of their service to apply for military pensions. Nearly a century later, archivists still use this index. Among these records are the hospital registers for individual regiments and for army general hospitals.
The registers are not indexed, but are typically arranged by regiment and date. Records of the Quartermaster General of Indiana include details on the issuance of camp supplies and ordnance to the volunteer and militia troops. Ordnance records unfortunately do not record the serial numbers of specific weapons nor to whom they were assigned. They contain many details about the effects of the war on the home front, as well as the significant role played by the Legion. Enrollment records of the state-administered draft are available on microfilm. Draft records provide detailed information on all white males 18 to 45 years of age in each township, by county, in the state.
The primary resource for Indiana Civil War veterans is the Enrollment of Soldiers, Widows and Orphans, three statewide registrations of veterans and their survivors taken in , and Where nothing is known other than the soldier's national allegiance, the headstone is inscribed "A Soldier of The Great War". The term "Sailor" or "Airman" can be substituted, as appropriate. Graves of unknown French soldiers killed during World War One. Each concrete cross has a metal plaque bearing the word "Inconnu" i. Ossuary at the Gallipoli battlefield, containing the remains of unidentified French soldiers who died in There are many missing combatants and other persons in service from World War II.
As with MIAs from the First World War, it is a routine occurrence for the remains of missing personnel killed during the Second World War to be periodically discovered. However, sometimes the numbers in a group are considerably larger e. Most of them will stay unknown.
Virginia Military Dead
The German War Graves Commission is spearheading the effort. During the s, there was renewed attention within and without the U. In , investigators began to conduct searches on Tarawa atoll in the Pacific Ocean, trying to locate the remains of American Marines , missing since the Battle of Tarawa in Among those recovered was Medal of Honor recipient Alexander Bonnyman.
As of July 12, , according to the U. According to official US Department of Army and Department of Navy casualty records, submitted to Congress in and updated in , the combined possible total of missing service personnel worldwide is closer to approximately and probably considerably fewer. Graves of unknown Eritrean Ascaris killed in during the Battle of Keren. Johnson would later be awarded the Silver Star medal for valor in The U. As of [update] , at least South Korean prisoners of war were believed to be still detained by the North Korean regime.
Bush administration had broken off relations between the US and North Korea-claiming it couldn't guarantee Americans safety.
In , it was reported that the Obama administration was reversing the Bush administration's suspended talks in regard to North Korea MIAs. In October , North Korea announced it was going to move the remains of about 5, U.
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North Korea blamed the United States 'hostile policy' for causing the remains recovery missions to end. The statement warned that "remains of American soldiers would soon be lost", as they were being "carried away en masse due to construction projects of hydro-power stations, land rezoning and other gigantic natureremaking projects, flood damage, etc…" . Since , the remains of Korean People's Army combatants recovered from battlefield exhumations across South Korea have been buried in the Cemetery for North Korean and Chinese Soldiers , the majority of the over burials are unknowns. Following the Paris Peace Accords of , U.
About 80 percent of those missing were airmen who were shot down over North Vietnam or Laos, usually over remote mountains, tropical rain forest, or water; the rest typically disappeared in confused fighting in dense jungles. Progress in doing so was slow until the mids, when relations between the U.
Normalization of U. Considerable speculation and investigation has gone to a theory that a significant number of these men were captured as prisoners of war by Communist forces in the two countries and kept as live prisoners after the war's conclusion for the United States in Its unanimous conclusion found "no compelling evidence that proves that any American remains alive in captivity in Southeast Asia. This missing in action issue has been a highly emotional one to those involved, and is often considered the last depressing, divisive aftereffect of the Vietnam War. To skeptics, "live prisoners" is a conspiracy theory unsupported by motivation or evidence, and the foundation for a cottage industry of charlatans who have preyed upon the hopes of the families of the missing.
As two skeptics wrote in , "The conspiracy myth surrounding the Americans who remained missing after Operation Homecoming in had evolved to baroque intricacy. By , there were thousands of zealots—who believed with cultlike fervor that hundreds of American POWs had been deliberately and callously abandoned in Indochina after the war, that there was a vast conspiracy within the armed forces and the executive branch—spanning five administrations—to cover up all evidence of this betrayal, and that the governments of Communist Vietnam and Laos continued to hold an unspecified number of living American POWs, despite their adamant denials of this charge.
It is only hard evidence of a national disgrace: American prisoners were left behind at the end of the Vietnam War. They were abandoned because six presidents and official Washington could not admit their guilty secret. They were forgotten because the press and most Americans turned away from all things that reminded them of Vietnam. We lost several times more than the Americans did. In any war there are many people who disappear. They just disappear. As of July 12, according to the U. POWs from past wars or incidents are still being held somewhere within the borders of the former Soviet Union.
Nearly 4, Pakistani men attacked the Indian side with 15 tanks and heavy artillery support. Major SPS Waraich was reported captured, as were many JCOs and men as the squadrons were taken by surprise and had little time to get to their bunkers. A Pakistani radio news telecast reported in Urdu that Maj Waraich hamari hiraasat mein hain Maj Waraich is in our custody. Their current status is unknown. They are listed as missing by the Indian Government along with 52 others including a Maj Ashok Suri who wrote a letter to his father in from Karachi stating that he was alive and well.
Pakistan denies holding any of the soldiers Missing in Action.