Carding is alo known to contribute to a disproportionate amount of black and Indigenous people being recorded in law enforcement databases . Regina Police Chief Evan Bray claims that the distinction between carding and police-civilian interactions depends upon whether or not the information collected is recorded . In , the Vancouver Police Department definition of a street check is when an officer stops a person to conduct an interview or investigation in regards to suspicious activity or a suspected crime .
In , the Vancouver Police Department clarified that an incident is only considered a street check when an officer successfully records an individual's personal information . Kevin Brookwell, a spokesman for the Calgary Police Service , claims that the term carding originated in Eastern Canada .
Waterloo Police Chief Bryan Larkin claims officers card individuals to determine how people connect to each other . Halifax Regional Police says officers also conduct passive street checks , where records are based on observations rather than interactions . In summer of , the Toronto Police discontinued the use of physical hard copy cards TPS Form , officers were directed to enter the information captured during community engagements into their memobook as Community Safety Notes CSN , which may be retained for a maximum of seven years.
Ontario regulations constraining carding came to effect at the beginning of , changing the scope of carding in Ontario cities. Opposition to carding is widespread, with testimony and a news organization investigation indicating that when practiced in Toronto it primarily targets black persons .
The Law Union of Ontario submitted that carding implements a systematic violation of people's Charter rights , human rights , and privacy rights . The Office of the Ontario Ombudsman believes the practice of carding is illegal . On May 7, , in Elmardy v. TPSB , Ontario Superior Court Justice Frederick Myers ruled "One who is not being investigated for criminality is allowed to walk down the street on a cold night with his or her hands in the pockets and to tell inquisitive police officers to get lost without being detained, searched, exposed to sub-zero temperatures, or assaulted.
On October 23, , Ruth Goba, Interim Chief Commissioner of the Ontario Human Commission Rights Commission, stated that when Hamilton Police Chief De Caire requires police officers to be "stopping, talking and investigating young black males", the Hamilton Police Service is implementing a textbook description of racial profiling . After a fact finding mission in October , the United Nations ' Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent expressed concerns that racial profiling is endemic to carding strategies and practices used by Canadian law enforcement .
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On January 9, , Halifax Regional Police released statistics showing police were three times as likely to card blacks than whites . I think I was startled, like most Nova Scotians, by the stats that were brought out" . Mayor Michael Savage said the numbers concerned him, and he would press the force to gather more information to determine why the checks were done and what police were looking for .
In April the Nova Scotia Human Rights Commission announced that it will lead an investigation into the practice of carding in Halifax . On March 27, , the African Nova Scotian Decade for People of African Descent Coalition called for an moratorium on street checks until the lawfulness of existing practices has been clarified . Whenever a subject's information is recorded the interaction means that, at least in the broadest sense of the phrase, the person recorded becomes "known to police.
There is an ongoing debate around what ability police boards have to influence carding operations: . On August 13, , the London diversity and race relations advisory committee met to discuss carding practices in the city, unexpectedly, the London Police Service officer dedicated to race relations did not attend the meeting.
Indian Chiefs that carding practices are unfairly targeting minorities.
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A public report will be submitted to the Vancouver Police Board September 20, Scot Wortley, of the University of Toronto Centre for Criminology and Sociolegal Studies to undertake a investigation into the Halifax Regional Police Service's use of street checks and the impact such checks may have on the Black community, the final report is expected in the Fall of . On June 6, , the Saskatchewan Police Commission created policy OC Contact Interviews with the Public  , which constrains carding based on an individuals race or location .
On September 21, , Saskatoon police Chief Troy Cooper rejected requests from University of Saskatchewan law professor Glen Luther to record the race of carded individuals, stating "We know that people and agencies that have tried to do that get a lot of inaccurate data because it relies on the officer's description and perception of race, and that's often inaccurate. On October 29, , the Edmonton Police Service responded to the street check review.
In this response, the service provided implementation dates for 7 of the 17 recommendations . Tulloch , a judge of the Court of Appeal for Ontario. On January 4, , the Ontario Provincial Police Association issued a press release stating that "racism and arbitrary street checks have no place in policing" . On 16 June , Ontario announced that it will develop a new regulation to regulate police street checks. The Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services have held a series of five workshop-style public meetings across the province: .
The Government of Ontario will also launch a multi-year academic study on the impact of carding. In addition the policy restricted service members from accessing Historical Contact Data, except as needed to provide an auditable trail as required by law e. On 24 August , Kathleen Ganley , as Minister of Justice and Solicitor General of Alberta, announced that the government will begin a six week consultation process for drafting provincial guidelines for police street checks and the associated collection of personally identifiable information .
On 3 February , David Khan , leader of the Alberta Liberal Party , expressed disappointment that after 18 month, this process has not yet produced tangible results . The deadline for releasing findings was originally 7 January , but this release has been postponed until 27 March .
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On 4 October , Liberal MPP Nathalie Des Rosiers Ottawa—Vanier introduced a private member's bill Bill , Human Rights Code Amendment Act, ,  which expands human rights protections in a number of ways, including making it illegal to discriminate against individuals that have been carded by police. In , Christien Levien, a law school graduate, created Legalswipe , an app that draws from the Canadian Civil Liberties Association 's "know your rights" handbook, and guides people through police encounters.
On 17 January , University of Toronto criminologists Anthony Doob and Rosemary Gartner presented a report "Understanding the impact of Police Stops" to the Toronto Police Services Board , among the conclusions was that benefits from carding are "substantially outweighed by convincing evidence of the harm of such practices both to the person subject to them and to the long term and overall relationship of the police to the community". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Toronto Police Services Board. April 24, Archived from the original PDF on March 31, Retrieved June 15, Posted Toronto.
Retrieved The policy allowed Toronto police to routinely and randomly stop citizens in the streets and record or elicit personal information. Vancouver Courier. The interactions take place in public, private or any place police have contact with the public. Toronto Star.
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Toronto police document people on forms called Field Information Reports, which include personal details including skin colour, the reason for the interaction, location and names of others — or "associates" — who were involved in the stop. The London Free Press. Edmonton Journal. The person is not legally detained, but activists say this is often not clear and results in a disproportionate number of black and Indigenous people having information in law enforcement databases.
The Star. Bray is adamant there is a distinct difference between carding someone and conducting a street check. National Post.
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Cole said police appear to have classified the incident as not being a street check because no information was recorded, although in his case he refused to provide any. Calgary police spokesman Kevin Brookwell said what officers do in this city is not, strictly speaking, 'carding', which he describes as a term that 'came out of Eastern Canada'.
The terminology being used is carding and it's a term that came out of the U. Lethbridge Herald. Archived from the original on A street check is not "stop and frisk. Larkin cautions that police carded some people who are not local residents. He said approaching people to record their names is an intelligence-gathering effort to determine how people connect to each other. Human Rights Commission launches survey on use of 'carding' in Halifax".
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Halifax police say street checks are used to record suspicious activity. Toronto Police Service. August 17, Retrieved July 15, That the Service discontinue use of the physical hard copy card currently the Community Inquiry Report or TPS Form and, as a replacement, direct Officers to enter the information captured during such community engagements directly into their memobook for subsequent input into the electronic application. Municipal police services 'should ensure' that intelligence they gather 'is shared regularly with key partners', including the Criminal Intelligence Service Ontario, the Ontario Provincial Police's anti-terrorism section, the Canadian Security Intelligence Service CSIS and the RCMP, according to the document — the most recent version of the plan — that was posted online by two small Ontario police services, then apparently removed.
Urban Affairs. Peel police Chief Jennifer Evans was asked if an individual not linked to any ongoing investigation or police call that's come in, or any criminality, could be engaged by police and asked about any identifying information.
We use 'Street Check Reports' as a tool to gather information. Local News. Mid-North Monitor. Chaffin says by the end of October, the present Calgary Police Service CPS system for carding — or check-up slips, as it's also known — will be decommissioned and replaced with a more accountable, modernized procedure that will be called info posts. Progress Alberta. It's called 'carding' by the public, 'check-up slips' by the Calgary Police and 'street intelligence reports' by the Lethbridge Police. The Globe and Mail.